Composing Docker Environments: Networking22 Sep 2016
Web framework? Got it! Database? Yep! Today we are going to see how can we link both services through the Docker network. It can be a pretty simple and quick configuration, but it also exposes a mature surface to be explored. :whale:
Previously on Deploy Everyday
Getting started: jump to the following Git tag:
Also, as Django needs
psycopg2, our Docker
web image needs to be rebuilt. You can do that with:
Talk network to me
Computers network exists since, well, a lot of time. Modern web applications (and the old ones) depend heavily on them. Databases need to be connected to applications, APIs must answer HTTP requests, caches need to cache and proxies need to proxy. With Docker Compose, it’s easy to get all components working. In this post, we are going to connect Django web framework with a Postgres database, as they are by nature great friends.
To get our database powered application up and running, type this at the repository root:
After a couple seconds, open in your browser the address
http://localhost:8000. You’ll see a simple counter being incremented at every request. Neat.
docker-compose.yml barely changed!
Yep, I know. If you see the diff, the only parameters changed in our
docker-compose.yml file is:
environmentvariable to define our database password.
- Change the
webcommand to avoid race condition (what was done here is a poor implementation, see this article for a best practice!).
- Tell out loud that
db. This does not provide any network configuration, just says that
webwill not run without a
The magic is: Docker Compose creates a default network out of the box, named by the project name (based on the project’s directory). To see all networks and their details, use these commands:
As the output shows, the network driver is a
bridge which allows communication between the container and its host (machine it lives on). It also has information about the IP addressing, scope, ID etc.
Another awesome trick Docker does is to create an entry in
/etc/hosts for all containers, mapping the service name to its IP address. What this means? Our web application can connect with the database by using something like
postgres://db:5432, as configured in our Django app:
Links, expose and ports
More cool stuff can be done with networking!
links creates aliases to make a service reachable by another name,
expose exposes ports between the linked services and
ports exposes a container port to a host port (
HOST:CONTAINER), as we are already doing with the web application.
And to complete, Compose also allows to use custom networks and multi-hosting deployment, but this is a topic for another day 😉
Awesome, right?! Compose makes Docker networking stack pretty easy to use! If you have any doubts, drop a comment and I’ll be glad to chat!